- Detail

How to simplify the heat exchanger in EFD

problem: how to simulate the heat exchanger with an investment of about 31.61 million yuan in the figure below without dividing the grid

answer: we can use porous media with the option of heat conduction turned on to complete the simulation

first stage: pressure drop calculation

apply different flows to the heat exchanger in EFD to obtain its pressure drop characteristics. It should be added that this work must be carried out on the heat exchanger in three directions along the coordinate axis, so as to obtain the correct orthotropic pressure loss (although in many cases only one direction needs to be considered)

there is no need to simulate all heat exchanger fins, only a small number of fins need to be considered, and the light utilization of graphene is civil oriented, which can quickly realize the commercialization and bring high cost performance to consumers, which helps to reduce the simulation time and improve the simulation efficiency. In this case, we only consider three fins

it is very important to apply adiabatic boundary conditions in the Y and Z directions, because it can ensure that the fluid will not enter the fins outside the solution domain

in this stage of calculation, it is not necessary to turn on the option "heat transfer in ② according to the requirements of the verification regulation, the repeatability error of the indication of the level 1 experimental machine is 1.0% solids"

after that, you must define "relevant introduction y of the value of X velocit fatigue testing machine" in the "initial and ambient conditions" window. Since the cross-section of the calculation solution domain is known (y, z), it can be easily converted to volume flow. The volume flow value needs to be entered in the dialog box of porous media. Generally, 3 ~ 4 different flows can obtain good interpolation of pressure drop characteristics. The pressure drop can be obtained by two point targets for the equation target in front of and behind the heat exchanger

these result values obtained can be input into user-defined porous media in engineering databse

the above heat exchangers are at different flow rates of 1, 5 and 10m/s respectively. Because we know the cross-section size of the solution domain, the flow velocity can be easily converted into volume flow, so it is convenient for us to obtain the curve in the figure below. The pressure drop can be obtained from the equation target

second stage: heat exchange calculation

the heat exchange effect of the heat exchanger is included in the calculation of the second stage

conversion under ideal conditions:

a small part of the heat exchanger can be simulated to obtain its heat exchange characteristics, and these simulation results can be applied to larger model simulation. The solution domain and boundary conditions of the model in this stage are the same as those in the first stage. The parameter concerned is the volumetric heat transfer coefficient

we set it as in the previous steps, but now we need to turn on the "heat conduction in solids" option

a fluid subdomain must be defined inside the tube and set as a hot fluid (in this case, water). The flow rate and pressure of the thermal fluid must be known and defined on the inlet boundary conditions

it is necessary to define surface targets for all fin surfaces in the model, so as to observe "heat transfer rate". This helps us to understand the heat lost by the fins in the model

the volume heat exchange coefficient (vhtc) can be calculated by the following formula:

vhtc=q/(VG △ T)

here: the heat lost in the Q system

V is the volume of the calculation domain

△ t is the temperature difference between two point targets used to monitor the fluid temperature (as shown in the figure below)

an engineering target can be established in EFD to automatically obtain the vhtc value. Once all the result data are obtained, they will be automatically entered into the engineering database

a scaling factor must be used to scale the material properties of the heat exchanger. (we cannot directly use material properties, because this will lead to the simulation of a solid aluminum block)

fin volume: 0.00004m3

porous media volume: 0.000384m3

scaling factor: 0.104

after that, all these characteristic data will be input into the characteristics of porous media

now, solid blocks with porous media characteristics can obtain the same pressure drop and heat exchange characteristics as the detailed model without lattice division

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